The livestock industry ranks one of the largest and most influential industries in the world. This has been subjected to the main aim of managing the production of optimal yields for ensuring economic viability. This is also aimed at supplying sufficient volumes for feeding large populations.
When taking this into consideration, it becomes clearer that livestock nutrition is an important aspect of the entire livestock operation. This draws a correlation between the increases in the operations in regards to the profitability of the farming operations.
Each of the livestock operation depicts its own unique characteristics which can lead to distinct livestock nutrition requirements. This is because of the essential nature of reviewing the ingredients relating to the livestock feed for understanding the nutritional impact on the different kinds of animals.
Livestock nutrition is majorly concerned with six various food groups which each group serving a particular purpose in the maintenance of the health of livestock, product viability, and weight. This includes carbohydrates which are composed of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen for the provision of energy to the animals.
Proteins contain nitrogen which is helpful in the provision of rumen microorganism requirements and other sources of energy to animals. Fats contain a higher ratio of calories per unit of weight compared to sugars and carbohydrates. They lead to increase in energy through the food portions.
Another essential addition to the survival and thriving of animals includes water. An addition includes vitamins which are organic nutrients which increase the resistance of animals to diseases while maintaining other bodily functions. Minerals are also part of an inorganic element that aid in the maintenance of health and support for reproduction and growth.
Effects of Feed Ingredients for Livestock Nutrition
Livestock nutrition is largely based on the feed ingredients and the additional supplements which are mixed into the feed. There are over 900 different agricultural products that are used in the creation of animal feed. Some of the common ingredients which are found in livestock include corn, barley, sorghum, wheat and soybean meal.
There are various feed ingredients that have different purposes for nutrition. For example, corn has six important ingredients used for livestock nutrition while fat and carbohydrates can beget from the provision of foods such as hay.
There are variations for ingredient composition which includes livestock nutrition which varies dependent on the stage of life of the animal. There is a higher requirement for protein for young poultry for encouraged growth. There is a higher need for quality for optimum fiber in the diet of lactating dairy cows.
The level of fat in the milk for dairy cows is a result of the diet they produce which can further lead to complication of their profitability. There are many farms that make use of supplements added to the provision of animals with regular feed. Supplements come in many forms and lead to the boosting of the overall animal health.
A number of common animal supplements that are used in the market include toxin blinders, flavors, acidifiers, mold inhibitors, concentrated vitamins and minerals, direct-fed microbials and pellet binders.